You lose about eight years from your expected with diabetes after 50 years of age. In a study that quantifies the exact loss in years of a diabetic, researcher from the University medical centre, Rotterdam (the Netherlands) and Unilever Corporate Research, Sharnbrook (England), have found that diabetic men who are 50 and above live an average of 7.5 years less compared to their counterparts without diabetes, For women, the loss of years is 8.2. India is home to an estimated 46 million diabetics (the highest in the world as per the WHO) of which 60% are above 50 years of age. The number is expected to climb to 80 million by 2030. Oscar H Franco, the lead author of the Framingham Heart Study, the results of which have been announced in the June 11 issue of the 'Archives of Internal Medicine', collected data on more than 5,200 American men and women (aged 28 to 62 years recruited between 1948 and 1951 and followed for more than 46 years) and followed them until they developed heart disease or died. The researchers also noted whether they were diabetic The results showed that diabetic women had more than twice the risk of developing heart disease than non-diabetic women. Diabetic women who already had heart disease were also more than twice as likely to die when compared to non-diabetic women. Among men, the researchers found that those with diabetes also had twice and faced 1.7 times higher risk of dying after developing heart trouble as against their non-diabetic peers. Dr. Anoop Mishra from Fortis Hospitals said, "This study is unique. It pinpoints the number of years lost by a person diagnosed with diabetes, which makes it highly interesting."
Make sure you have a first aid kit with the following essentials:
Chromotherapy, also colled color therapy, is an alternative medical approch in which therapists use color and light to treat heath problems.
Indian Ayurvedic medicine associates colors with the seven main chakras, spiritual centers in the body located along the spine:
Seventh chakra:VOILET Treast lymphatic system, spleen; soothes organs, relaxes muscles, calms nervous system Sixth chakra:INDIGO Treatment for eyes, ears, nose, mental problems; sedative, calming effects Fifth chakra:BLUE Relieves headaches,migraines, pains of stomach, muscle cramps, liver disorders; positive effect on all kinds of pain conditions Forth chakra:GREEN Treatment of bronchitis, inflammation of joints, swelling, cysts, eye diseases and stimulates general detoxification Third chakra:YELLOW Combats glandular diseases, diseases of the lymphatic system, strengthens nervous, assists metabolism and glandular activity Second chakra:ORANGE Treats mental illness, depression, discontent and pessimism; arteriosclerosis,loss of appetite, anemia, anorexia and digestive system discomforts First chakra:RED May increase pulse rate, raises blood pressure, rate of breathing; calimed to combat anemia, asthama, diseases of the larynx, certain skin diseases and chronic coughs.
Light releases harmones in the body, influences reactions in the brain As diabetes emerges as a major epidemic in India,Diabetic Retinopathy, loss of vision due to diabetes is in sharper focus.The world sight Day 2008 (the second Thursday of October) highlights the flight against vision impairment in later life.
The problem of blindness is enormous in India because of the enormity of the population. India accounts of a quarter of the world's blind population of 80 million. the alarming fact is that 75 percent of blindness it is avoidable. There is a growing concern about Diabetic Retiopathy in the world. Does India face the threat on a simillar scale? Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) is the major cause of irreversible blindness in old age, and all diabwetics are prone to it. It is one of the most devastating complications of diabetes. A diabetic is 25 times more likely to go blind than a person in the general population. With Diabetes emerging as a major epidemic, India is likely to emerge as the diabetic capital of the world by 2025.The diabetic polution in India has crossed 30 million, and is expected to touch 75 million by 2025. This means 20 percent of these patients will develop DR in the eye.
More common then we think. About two million of the 20 million blind population has DR in India, whic could multiply at least four-fold by 2020. Today a third of people with diabetes don't know that they have diabetes. Just two-third seek medical attation. Only a miniscule percentage go through regular eye checkups.
All diabetics risk diabetic Retinopathy. It may worsen during pregnancy. the longer the history of diabetes, the greater the risk of diabetic retinopathy. About half the number of diabetics will develop some degree of diabetic retinopathy during their lifetime.Are there any contributory factors to DR? Hypertension, renal disease, obesity, Smoking, Anamia...all have an adverse impact on DR pregnancy in women can be associated with worsening of the retinopathy. High levels of serum cholesterol and/or triglycerides are significant risk factors for retinopathy.
The pathological changes in diabetes lead to lack of blood supply (ischemai) to the retina, resulting in indequate oxigen to the retinal tissues (hypoxia), Long-standing hypoxia leads to formation of new vessels.These arefragile, and readily bleed. Excessive bleeding in the eye leads to lack of vision. In some areas,there is a swelling of the vessel wall and the fluid leaks leading to retional oedema.If the macula, the central part of the ratina is affected, there will be a severe drop in the vision. DR can be corrected in stage one and stage two by laser treatment. Stage three and stage four are advanced. There is formation of scar tissue, which pulls the retina to cause retinal detachment, resulting in permenent loss of vision.
Laser photocoagulation is the mainstay in managing DR. Advanced cases with vitreous haemorrhage and tractional rential detachment, requir surgery (vitrectomy) and laser treatment.patients with hypertension, renal disease or pregnancy should have a regular ophthalmic check up every six months.those who have undergone laser should have check ups every three months. Are there any precautions to prevent DR? An annual eye check up is mandatory for all diabetics. There must be control over diabetes by regular medication, diet and exercise. Control of associated disorders such as hypertension, renal disease and hyperlipidemic status management is a must.
Vision 2020 is a globel initiative to eliminate avoidable blindness. Launched jointly by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the international Agency for the prevention of Blindness (IAPB), vision 2020 envisions a world without avoidable blindness. http://www.v2020.org
According to a recent survey in Chennai city, only 15 per cent of the urben population is aware of the link between diabetes and eyesight. if this is the lavel of awareness of the urban population
India is now focusing only on curative healthcare due tothe enormity of its population, and has not been able to do much in the direction of preventive healthcare. We have to shift the emphasis to preventive healthcare. If we can prevent loss of vision due to various problems. We can save all the resources which are now being spent on curative healthcare. A major step would be extensive screening of diabetics for DR. Though resource-intensive , it will yield results if it covers 80 per cent of known diabetics. The screening process should be effective. The keyword seems to be awareness. How does one create awareness on the scale needed in the Indian context, given the socioeconomic barriers? The need of the hour is to ensure that awareness percolates down to all members of the community. For instance, many spectacle users get their eyes checked by an optometrist who sees only the front of the eye, and changes their glasses. The optometrist does not look at the back of the eye, where early indications of DR, or problems with the retina are avaliable. If undetected, the symptoms do not surface until advanced stages.They need to go to an ophthalmologist to get their eyes checked to avoid preventable eye problems. Elimination of DR calls for a determined effort by the goverment, NGOs, healthcare and eye care organisations to heighten awareness of Diabetes and its complications, extensive screening of the population, especially in rural areas, and provision of free eye care. In India, the goverment cannot be expected to tackle the problem of blindness single-handedly due to the sheer size of the blind population. We have an excellent example of public-private partners where NGOs and eye care hospitals join hands with the government to conduct awerness camps to educate people on various aspects of blindness.
Dr N K Ikbal explains how Ayurveda can provide a holistic treatment for those suffering from diabetes.
Quality healthcare solutions to the diabetic population across the globe is getting increasingly complex and less patient-compliant in recent days. Reasons:cost, progressive nature of the disease,predictable complication. According to an estimate, India ranks highest for the number of diabetics at 34 million. With convention medicine focused on maintaining only blood suger level,wellness is still a dream for diabetic people. Most patients therefore live in the grayzone of health. And livingwith diabetes poses a formidable challenge for the patients. bur Ayurveda, the most tested of the Indian systems of medicine, is clearly emerging and superior alternative in managing diabetes with the technically perfected protocol 'Ayurvedic holism'. The invaluable findings are now conclusively processed in the backdrop of Ayurvedic holism by a team of doctors in India and scientists in Europe. They have come up with a promising regimen to suit the present day diabetic.
Diabetes is primarily suspected when a person suffers from increased urination and thirst and indulges in excessive eating. Once these symptoms are detected, the standard prescription is to put the patient on lifelong medication, with special diet and excercise as supporting factors.
While the symptoms could will be under check and laboratory tests may show normal blood level.In Ayurveda, diabetes is considered to be a disease in which Kaphadosha and Medodosha factors get into disorder. Self-care, healthy diet and natural herbal medicines will reverse this imbalance thereby maintaining positive health. There is no single standard medicine which would be effective with all patients. The prakrut (constitution) of each patient is the prime consideration. Ayurvedic formulations are made to suit these individual traits. Adequate sleep, exercise, positive attitude and creating a healthy home and work environment will be the supporting tools. Ayurveda treats the patient and the disease at the same time, improving the quality of life. Diabetes Mellitus is recognised as madhumeha in Ayurveda and has been identified as a specific clinical condition in the oldest classics like Charaka Samhitha and Susrutha Samhitha. It has been well documented that this illness was managed purely by herbal preparations and the diabetic individual could lead a healthy life. Diabetes Mellitus is a metabolic-cum-vascular disorder primarily characterised by elevated blood sugar levels. It is also a progressive disease with specific complications creeping through various organs and disablling them in the process and gradully wrecking the body. The new regimen of Ayurvedic management of Diabetes Mellitus is essentially holistic. It takes into consideration several factors like diet and lifestyle.
With estimated 35 millon person with diabetes, India is the undoubted diabetes of the world. Indians develop diabetes about a decads earlier then people from Europe, America, or China. The incidence of heart disease is also greater among Indians as compared to person of the same age else-where. Several reasons have been advanced for these observations including genetic predilection and environmental factors.
The most common cause of death in diabetes is due to a heart attack. more than 60 per cent of persons with diabetes will die of heart disease. So strong is this association between diabetes and heart disease even in the absence of any demonstrable heart problem.
One amjor reason for this clubbing of diabetes as a 'heart-disease equivalent' is the fact that unlike normal persons who feel pain whenever a heart attack is impending, persons with diabetes often do not feel any pain, and exhibit what is called 'silent heart attack'.This is because the nerves which carry sensation from the heart are damaged due to the high blood glucose concentrations in diabetes.Prevention of death due to anunexpected heart attack is the top priority for doctors who treat diabetes as well as their patients.
What is it about diabetes that makes it so dangerous for the heart?
To understand that we should understand the disease and how it affects the body.
Diabetes is caused by a deficiency and defective action of a harmone called insulin which is produced by the pancreas, and which regulates the supply of the primary fules viz. glucose and free fatty acidsto various parts of the body. Insulin deficiency leads to an increase in blood glucose and free fatty acid concentrations and these lead to cascade of further abnormalities. These include a tendency for blood vessels to dilate in accordance with the needs of the parts, which need nourishment, and removal to toxic wastes. The build up oaf toxic molecules within cells, as we as outside the cells, called' gluco-lipotoxicity' is known to accelerate the process of atherosclerosis. Thus in diabetes there is a premature ageing of blood vessels and a consequent increase in the risk of heart attack due to blockage of the arteries, which supply blood to the heart.High blood glucose also results in deposition of the reaction products of glucose proteins among muscle fibers. The heart muscle is affected by these deposits, which renders it ineffective for optimal pumping action. The person with diabetes is therefore of arteries supplying blood to the heart, as well as having an inefficiently functioning heart.
Several lines of investigation have revealed that a multipronged strategy which addresses the primary defects in diabetes, as well as the secondary abnormalities consequent to uncontrolled diabetes yield best results. Good blood glucose control, especially post meal blood glucose control; good blood pressure control; measures to reduce clotting of blood, viz. regular physical exercise, avoidance of calorie dense and fatty ular physical exercise, avoidance of calorie dense and fatty, foods and aspirin; cessation of Smoking ; stress avoidance by behavioral modification, yoga meditation, and relaxaction exercise; and regular treatment and monitoring for diabetes control form the basis of protecting the heart against a surprise attack.
Traditionally diabetes managed by a combination of education, diet, exercise, and drug therapy. Drug treatment is usually initiated with oral tablets. As diabetes is progressive disease, drug treatment has to be stepped up in order to keep the abnormalities of glucose and fats under control. within six years of the diagnosis of diabetes, almost 60per cent of the patients require the ultimate treatment viz. insulin, in order to retain control over the disease and its consequences.
Insulin replacement remains the primary means of reversing all metabolic abnormalities in diabetes, along with insulin sensitizers. Newer insulin preparations produce better control of diabetes at lower risk of side effects and have the potential to delay the possibility of occurrence of significant coronary artery disease. Insulin must be given in a dose sufficient to overcome he deficiency, and it must control blood glucose at the required levels recommended on the basis of long-term studies viz. fasting blood glucose below 100 mg/dl; 2hour post -meal blood glucose below 140 mg/dl, and long term blood glucose control as estimated by glycated hemoglobin should be below seven percent. Persons with additional lipid disorders such as high cholesterol and triglyceride levels may need additional lipid lowering medication.
Dr. Stephen Clement is a well-known global authority on diabetes. He is the acting chief, Division of Endocrinology,Georgetown University Hospital and Director of the Georgetown Diabetes Center.
Salaia Oblonga (SaptaRangi) is an ayurvedic herb found in the Indian subcontinent, whih has been trationally used in treating type 2 diabetes patients. Ayurvedic practitioners in India and Sri Lanka have been effectively using this herb for hundreds of years to keep diabetes under control. Salacia Oblonga herb contains a Glucosidase inhibitors-Salacinol and Kotalanol 9. These two inhibitors help in controlling glucose levels in the body. A new study at Ohio State University reports that researchers gave extracts of the herb to 39 healthy adults, and the results were promising. The largest dose of the herb extract-1,000 milligrams-decreased insulin and blood glucose levels by 29 and 23 per cent respectively.
"These kinds of reductions are smiliar to what we might see with prescription oral medications for people with diabetes," said Steve Hertzler, a study coauthor and an assistant professor of nutrition at Ohio State University.
Slacia Oblonga, which is native to regions of India and Sri lanka, binds to intestinal enzymes that breek down carbohydrates in the body. There enzymes, called alpha-glucosidases, turn carbohydrates into glucose, the sugar that circulates throughout the body. If the enzyme binds to the herbal extract rather than to a carbogydrate, then less glucose gets into the blood stream, resulting in lowered blood glucose and insulin levels."Lowering blood glucose levels lowers the risk of diseaserelated complications in people with diabetes," Hertzler said. "Also, poor compliance with diabetes medications often hinders the effectiveness of these drugs."
A water-extract of the same herb has been taken and formulated into easy-to-use capsules. The cost per day is Rs.25.
Intestine Through Endoscopy To Prevent Food Being Absorbed into Body.
London:In what could revolutionise healthcare for the rising diabetes population worldwide, scientists claimed to have developed a 15-minute non-surgical treatment that could lead to drastic weight loss and reverse the onset of the disease. The breakthrough treatment, considered a cheap and safe alternative to surgery, involves a device called EndoBarrier-a plastic sleeve that is inserted into the intestine of a patient to prevent food being absorbed into the body. The device, developed by a United States-based company, is fed through the mouth using an instrument called an endoscope while the patients is awake, the Daily Express reported.
"Obesity surgery can be risky simply because of the patient's weight and the fact that you are giving them a general anaesthetic. That's why it's so good to have a non-surgical approach," said Keith Gersin, head of obesity surgery at Carolinas Medical Centre in Charlotte, North Carolina, which has been trialling the Endobarrier sleeve for 18 months. "It is so quick to fit that you can get lots more patients treated. The patients loved it so much they didn't want us to remove it at the end of the trial period. We had no significant side effects and it was easily removed. Extensive tests of EndoBarrier have been carried out in the US and Europe and last week the new device was given a license for use on European patients. In a 12-week trial in the Netherlands, patients fitted with the EndoBarrier lost an average of 16kg compared with a control group of paitents who dieted and lost just 5Kg. According to its developers ,the treatment, which costs £2,000, is about half the cost of the cheapest obesity operation. "The patients who used it have continued to lose weight. It gave them the intensive to diet and eat sensibly," said Gersin. The EndoBarrier device is fitted to the first two feet of the small intensive where most food is absorbed. During trials the sleeve was able to reverse Type 2 diabetes within weeks by reducing patients' blood sugar levels so they no longer needed to take drugs. Nadey Hakim, a leading UK consultant in weight loss surgery, said: "I would love to able to cure a patient's obesity with a 15-minute procedure. It's a very clever idea". The Endobarreir digestive tract liner won CE Mark approval in December, 2009, clearing the way for sales to begin in the European Union this year.
5.2 lakh women screened for gestational diabetes in TN 7-8 percent prevalence seen in women visiting PHCs The risk of nearly 83,000 individuals developing diabetes at a later date has been reduced by a simple, low cost intervention by the Tamil Nadu government. In a first-of-its-kind programme in the country,5.2 lakh pregnant women visiting government-run prenatal clinics were screened for gestational diabetes(GDM) during 2007-08. And 7-8 percent were found to have elevated glucose level. Several studies have shown that gestational diabetes-the elevation of maternal blood glucose first seen during pregnancy -when unchecked can put both mother and baby at risk of developing the disease at a later stage.
The good news is that simple diet that simple diet management-splitting a big meal to many small ones-was sufficient to keep the glucose level under check in 90 percent of the pregnant women diagnosed with gestational diabetes. " This shows how easy it is to reduce the risk of both mother and child from becoming diabetic after a few years," said Dr. V. Balaji, consultant, Apollo Hospitals, Chennai. With about 65 percent of the 11.38 lakh deliveries in the State taking place in government institutions, the decision to screen all pregnant women visiting these institutions will have great benefits. "In another six months we can get all pregnant women screened for gestational diabetes, "said DR. P. Padmanban, Director of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Chennai. Towards this goal, many of the public health centres (PHC) are being equipped to test for diabetes and other disease. "Already 385 public health centres are equipped with semi auto analysers and we plan to equip another 385 this year, "said Dr. Padmanaban. There are totally 1421 PHCs in the State. Apart from testing for fasting or postprandial blood glucose level, about 2 lakh women underwent glucose tolerance test(GTT). GGT is considered a gold standard for diagnosing gestational diabetes. 'We would be able to test [using GTT] 4 lakh pregnant women this year," he noted. The decision to use GTT to confirm the disease is not the only highlight of the screening programme. Even during the first year, the screening programme has adopted the correct time to test for elevated glucose levels.
While screening for GDM is usually performed around 24-28 weeks of gestation, many studies have shown that testing as early as during the 16th week, can diagnose the disease. Identifying the disease at an earlier stage will help in early intervention and hence reduce complications. While it is a general practice to test just once during pregnancy, a study published in the Diabetes Research and Clinical Practices journal last year showed how important it is to test during all trimesters of pregnancy. The screening programme has adopted not just early screening but screening during all trimesters.
And the results speak or themselves-2-2.5 percent were detected during the 16th week, 2.5-3 percent during the 24th week,and around 3 percent during the 32nd week of gestation. "Nearly 75 percent of the 2 lakh women [on whom GTT was done] were tested thrice," Dr. Padmanaban said. He is optimistic that the percentage of women who will undergo testing thrice will increase this year. The results of the largest screening programme, which shows that gestational diabetes shows up during all trimesters and that early screening is useful in detecting the disease, should be sufficient proof for medical practitioners to follow the testing protocol.
Ahmedabad: Diabetes is known to adversely affect the libido and sexual performance of men. In a ground-breaking study by sexologist Dr.Ashok Rughnani, it is now revealed that nearly 47% women reported less interest in sex after being detected with diabetes.
Dr. Rughani is a Gujarati doctor who practised as a gynecologist in Kenya for 20 years before leaving to study sexology in the US. Along with his practise, he did his doctoral thesis on; Difficulty in sexual function among female diabetics; The study was conducted on 107 patients of which 55 were diabetic and rest non-diabetic. While the study was conducted on women the study was conducted on women in the US, the issues remain the same with Indian women, says Dr. Rughani.
Dr. Rughani has now come back to India and has started practice as a sexologist at his hospital, Sexual Medicare Centre, in Ahmedabad. He says that while studies report that 50% diabetic men suffer erectile difficulties and low desire levels, the impact of the silent killer on women' sexuality is largely neglected," We have had many patients complain that their wives do not have sexual desire and experiences pain and other problems. It is only on detailed investigation that we find the woman is diabetic and her sexual problems stem from the disease that is so rampant," said Dr Rughani.
The sexologist's wife and a practicing nurse, Aarti Rughani, said that diabetic women had nearly double incidence of urinary and genital tract infections as compared to non-diabetic women.
"Nearly 63% women were found to have recurrent vaginal fungal and bacterial infections, dryness of vagina, painful sexual intercourse and orgasmic problem. In non-diabetic women, this problem was found to be in 34%" said DR Rughani. DR. Rughani explained that the wonen with diabetes experiences lesser lubrication which leads to dryness. "This causes pain during sexual relations, which eventually leads to loss of desire, 'he said.
"With a large number of people having diabetes in the state, women tend to suffer in silence as their sexual problems remain largely neglected "These problems remain can be easily dealt if the women talk to their doctor openly. They can be treated and can even get back to their normal life,' said Dr.Rughani.
Studies report that 50% diabetic men suffer erectile difficulties and low desire levels. Research now days that nearly 47%diabetic women, too, report reduced interest in sex.
Scientists make a sensor that can detect blood sugar levels from the breath of a patient. The sensor can also be modified to detect multiple disease and will cost less than Rs. 10 to make.
Engineers at the university of Florida have designed and tested versions of the sensor for applications ranging from monitoring diabetics' glucose levels via their breath to detecting possible indicators of breast cancer in saliva. They say early results are promising-particularly considering that it can be mass produced with tech already widely used for making chips in cellphones and other devices.
"This uses known manufacturing tech that is already out there," said Fan Ren, a professor of chemical engineering and an engineer collaborating on the project.
The team has published 15 papers on different versions of the sensor, most recently in this month's IEEE Sensors Journal. In that, members report integrating the sensor in a wireless system that can detect glucose in exhaled breath, then relay the findings to health care workers. That makes the sensor one of several non-invasive devices in development to replace the finder prick kits widely used by diabetics.
Tests with the sensor contradict long-held assumptions that glucose levels in the breath are too small for accurate assessment, Ren said. That's because the sensor uses a semiconductor that amplifies the minute signals to readable levels, he said. "Instead of poking your finger to get the blood, you can just breathe into it and measure the glucose in the breath condensate, "Ren said. In the paper, they report using the sensor to detect alkalinity or pH levels in the breath, a technique that could helppeople who suffer from asthma identify and treat attacks-as well as calibrate the sensitivity of the glucose sensor. The engineers have used versions to experiment with picking up indicators of breast cancer in saliva, and pathogens in water and other substances. As with the finer prick standard, tests for pH, cancer indicators typically already exist, but they are often bulky or time consuming, Ren said. For example, the current technique for measuring PH in a patient's breath requires the patients to blow into a tube for 20 minutes to collect enough for a measurement. At 100 microns, or 100 millionths of a metre, this sensor is so small that the moisture from one breath is enough to get a concentrated reading-in under five seconds, Ren said. Ren said the sensors work by mating difference reactive substances with gallium nitride commonly used in amplifiers in cellphones and other electronic applications. While the sensor is not as sensitive as those that rely on nanotech, the manufacturing techniques are already widely available, Ren said. The cost is as little as 20 cents per chip(Rs. 10 approx) but goes up considerably when combined with equipment to wirelessly transmit to PCs or cell phones. The entire package might cost around $40(Rs1,800 approx). he said, costs could be halved with mass production.
Dolphins can switch diabetes on and off depending on the availability of food. Scientist believe they can use the dolphins' mechanism to do the same in humans.
Bottlenose dolphins could provide vital clues to help Type 2 diabetes sufferers. Researchers found that the mammals have an amazing ability to switch the condition on and off. If scientists can find out how the dolphins do it, they could help prevent diabetes in people-a disease that affects 50,768,300 in India as of this year, according to the international Diabetes Federation. That's more than 7 per cent of the population.
Dolphins and humans share the same glucose blood chemistry needed to feed our large brains. Humans have bigger brains relative to their size than dolphins.
But dolphins are able to keep their blood glucose levels high in a diabetic-like state . When they have no food to feed the demand from their brains.
The Us National Marine Mammal Foundation's Stephanie Venn-Watson said bottlenoses are the first animal model for Type 2 diabetes in humans.
"When dolphins fast overnight they develop diabetes, then when they are fed in the morning they revert back to a non-diabetic state. Effectively they have a switch which can turn diabetes on and off. Discovering how dolphins control this may help humans turn diabetes off", she added.
Dolphins are thought to have developed their insulin resistance 55 million years ago when they evolved into sea creatures.
"Their large brains need sugar to function like us. We can eat carbohydrates but their diet of fish has no sugar in it. So it works to have a system which keeps Blood sugar high in their bodies. Their liver will go and produce sugar at just the right amount they need," said Venn-Watson,speaking to the American Association for the Advancement of Science meeting in San Diego, US.
She also said that dolphins wouldn't be harmed in any research, adding: "There's no desire to make a dolphin a lab animal. I don't think it could ever happen because we all love dolphins too much.
By 2030 diabetes will affect more than 9 percent of the Indian population and it can lead to blindness, heart disease and kidney damage.
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