In laryngitis, the laryngeal mucous layer is swollen, congested and secured with natural liquid. Consistent laryngitis happens due to reiterated strikes of extreme laryngitis, Since the larynx is accountable for making voice, laryngitis regularly impacts the voice of the individual. In this manner, interminable laryngitis has been called Swarabhed in Ayurveda, the word swar infers voice and bhed infers breaking.
In laryngitis, the laryngeal mucous membrane is swollen, congested and coated with mucus. Chronic laryngitis occurs as a result of repeated attacks of acute laryngitis. Since the larynx is responsible for producing voice, laryngitis naturally affects the voice of the individual. Therefore, chronic laryngitis has been called swarabhed in Ayurveda, the word swar means voice and bhed means breaking.
Laryngitis or swelling of our voice box (apparatus which produces our sound and voice) is a condition which puts our voice into trouble, sometimes so troublesome that makes us mute.
We will try to learn more about this condition through this article and to sort out best treatment options from the perspectives of both Ayurvedic and modern medicines.
Laryngitis is the inflammation (swelling) of the larynx or voice box, occurring due to overuse, irritation or infection.
Hoarseness of voice
Temporary loss of voice
Complete loss of voice
This happens due to irritation of the vocal folds or vocal cords.
Vocal or voice related disorders are called Dysphonia
Laryngitis is one of the causes of Dysphonia or voice disorders
Laryngitis is contagious only if it is caused by an infection.
Excessive use of the voice (for talking or singing), especially in a dusty atmosphere, often leads to chronic laryngitis. Heavy smoking, exposure to chemicals, poisonous fumes and harmful gases can also cause this disease. Breathing from the mouth and obstruction of nasal sinuses can precipitate chronic laryngitis while in some cases other respiratory diseases, such as influenza, bronchitis, pneumonia, tuberculosis and common cold can cause chronic laryngitis.
Hoarseness of the voice
Irritation of the throat
Fever in some cases
Difficulty in swallowing
Swollen lymph nodes
Change in voice or loss of voice
Pain in throat
Don't smoke, avoid second-hand smoke. Smoke dries and irritates your vocal cords.
Limit alcohol and caffeine – they can deplete your body water stores
Drink plenty of water – fluids keep the mucus in your throat thin and easy to clear
Avoid spicy foods – These foods move stomach acid into your throat or food pipe (oesophagus) causing heartburn or gastritis.
Include whole grains, fruits and vegetables in your diet – They contain Vitamins A, E & C and help keep the mucus membranes that line the throat healthy
Avoid throat clearing – This further hurts your throat as it causes an abnormal vibration of your vocal cords and can increase swelling. Clearing your throat also causes your throat to secrete more mucus and feel more irritated, making you want to clear your throat again
Avoid upper respiratory infections – Wash your hands often. Avoid contact with people who have upper respiratory infections such as colds
Vataj swarabhed is set apart by brutal, boisterous, vibrating voice and torment around the larynx. Pittaj swarabhed (caused principally by vitiated Pitta) is shown by thirst, fever and consuming sensation in the laryngeal area. Stunning or hindered voice demonstrates kaphaj swarabhed (caused for the most part by vitiated kapha) which irritates amid night and reduces amid the day. Sannipatik swarabhed is caused by vitiation of each of the three doshas and consequently have blended qualities. kshayaj swarabhed is caused because of tuberculosis and is by and large joined by mellow fever, shortcoming and weight reduction. The treatment for swarabhed includes certain treatments with the expansion of anti-microbials, blood and lymph purging herbs. Here and there, demulcent herbs are likewise recommended.
Vataj swarabhed (caused mainly by vitiated vayu) is marked by harsh, loud, vibrating voice and pain around the larynx. Pittaj swarabhed (caused mainly by vitiated Pitta) is indicated by thirst, fever and burning sensation in the laryngeal region. Staggering or obstructed voice indicates kaphaj swarabhed (caused mainly by vitiated kapha) which aggravates during night and alleviates during the day. Sannipatik swarabhed is caused by vitiation of all three doshas and therefore have mixed characteristics. Swarabhed caused by emaciating diseases like tuberculosis is called kshayaj swarabhed and is generally accompanied by mild fever, weakness and weight loss. Medoj swarabhed caused by the vitiation of meda dhatu (fat tissue) has similar features like kaphaj swarabhed but patients also experience excessive thirst. The treatment for swarabhed involves certain therapies with the addition of antibiotics, blood and lymph cleansing herbs. Sometimes, demulcent herbs are also prescribed.
People who need to use their larynx a lot in their occupations should take care not to overuse it. They should refrain from cold food items and cold atmosphere as both these things can immediately affect the larynx.
Those who get exposed to chemicals and toxic fumes should protect themselves from such toxins so that their larynx does not get affected.
Doing Pranayama (especially bhramari pranayama) regularly improves circulation in the larynx, removes unwanted mucus from the cavity and strengthens the vocal cords.
Boil 4-5 glasses of water in a pan and then remove from the flame. Add 2 drops of chamomile essential oil, 2 drops of thyme essential oil and 2 drops of lavender essential oil to it. Cover your head with a towel and inhale the fumes.
Mix freshly grated ginger, licorice root powder and honey in equal amount. Swallow 1 teaspoonful of this mixture 2-3 times a day added with a pinch of black pepper (kali mirch) powder.
Mix half a teaspoon of black pepper (kalimirch) and 1 teaspoon of butter. Consume the paste for relief from hoarseness.
Add 1 teaspoon of turmeric powder to a glass of hot milk for relief in chronic laryngitis.
Take one bowl of crushed onion. Add a bowl of boiling water and allow it to stay for 15 min. Strain the liquid. Take 6 teaspoon of this warm onion juice and add 4 teaspoon of lemon juice, and 2 teaspoon of honey. Mix well. Take sips of this juice thrice daily.
Rest voice: Rest is the key to recovery and holds good in all sorts of illness especially inflammations.
If talking is inevitable – talking in a regular voice is better than whispering. Whispering needs the vocal cords to be stretched tightly and requires more work by the surrounding muscles and delays recovery time
Use humidified air: Inhale steam from a bowl of hot water or a hot shower
Keep good hydration (drink lot of water)
Warm water gargles
Avoid caffeine and alcohol
Moisten your throat – Try sucking lozenges, gargling with salt water or chewing a piece of gum
Take 5 cups of water in a wide mouthed vessel. Heat it. Put 5 drops of Eucalyptus oil or pine oil to it. Inhale the steam for 5 minutes. Repeat it 3 – 5 times in a day. Inhalation loosens the secretions and consolidated phlegm
Crush 8-10 Tulsi (basil) leaves and extract their juice. Mix it with 1 spoon honey and take it.
Take 6-8 Basil leaves along with 2 pepper grains and a pinch of rock salt. Chew them and slowly suck the juice.
Lime juice 2 spoons mixed with honey 1 spoon, hourly once
Add 1 spoon of Cinnamon powder to boiling water and close the glass with a lid. When it becomes warm, add a pinch of pepper powder and 2 spoons honey. Take it once or twice daily.
Boil ½ to 1 teaspoon full of liquorice (coarse powder) in 1 glass of water, filter and consume warm or mix ½ teaspoon full of liquorice (fine powder) in hot milk and take it to get relieved from laryngitis. If liquorice is boiled until half water is reduced, it provides better results. Even with milk – half glass milk and half glass water should be boiled with liquorice powder until half of it evaporates and consumed.
¼ spoon honey + ¼ spoon ginger juice – should be taken in drops and slowly sucked
½ – 1 spoon of Amla (Indian gooseberry) powder, 1 spoon sugar candy powder and a pinch of pepper powder added to hot milk
Ghee + jaggery
Crush or chop ½ onion, boil it with 1 glass of water for 5 -10 minutes, strain it through a sieve, add 1 spoon honey and 2 spoon lemon juice to it. Sip it slowly.
½ spoon butter + 2 pinch pepper powder – 3-4 times per day
Milk boiled with 1 spoon turmeric powder and added with sugar candy powder (1/2 spoon) and a pinch of pepper
Laja churna – Powder of puffed paddy or parched rice should be given mixed in honey
Honey and Ghee mixed in unequal quantities
Grated ginger or ginger paste + Liquorice powder + pinch of Black pepper powder + Honey – 2-3 servings per day
Juice of Vasa (Adhatoda vasica) 1 spoon + Honey 2 spoons
Kulattha churnam – Powder of horse gram kept in mouth and sucked over a couple of minutes
Paste of ber leaves (Indian jujube) fried in ghee should be given mixed with Saindhava Lavana (rock salt) to alleviate laryngitis associated with cough
Khadira – (Acacia catechu) – kept in mouth (for sucking as lozenges) mixed with either of sesame oil or powder of Piper longum or powder of Zingiber officinale cures Svarabheda
Garlic juice mixed in warm water
Water boiled with basil leaves
Turmeric powder + Ginger juice + Basil juice + Rock salt + Warm water
Decoction of – Clove + Cinnamon + Salt + Cardamom + Basil leaves + Neem Leaves + Turmeric powder
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